Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging in New England

Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging in New England

Navigating the world of electric vehicles (EVs) becomes significantly less daunting with the introduction of the federal EV tax credit 2023, offering up to $7,500 for new electric cars, plug-in hybrids, and clean vehicles purchased this year or later. To be eligible, these electric vehicles must not only meet specific battery capacity and manufacturing criteria but also align with price caps set for different vehicle types

This article, the first in a series focusing on Electric Vehicles in New England, sets the stage for understanding both federal and state incentives that encourage the shift towards eco-friendly transportation. Following this, we will delve deeper into electric vehicle tax credits, exploring their impact on reducing federal income tax for the year of purchase and identifying how EV tax credits and other tax incentives play a crucial role in promoting electric cars and plug-in hybrids across New England.

Federal Electric Vehicle Purchasing Incentives

In the landscape of federal electric vehicle purchasing incentives for 2023, the opportunities for savings and sustainability through electric vehicles (EVs) and associated technology are substantial. Here’s a breakdown of the key incentives:

  • Federal EV Tax Credits:
  • Up to $7,500 for new EVs and $4,000 for used EVs, with the amount depending on the vehicle’s specifications and manufacturing details.
  • The Inflation Reduction Act has expanded eligibility, removing the 200,000-vehicle cap per manufacturer.
  • For used vehicles, a sale price cap of $25,000 applies, along with requirements on the vehicle’s model year, battery capacity, and the buyer’s modified adjusted gross income (AGI).
  • Solar Panels and EV Charging:
  • Installing solar panels and EV charging stations at home not only contributes to environmental sustainability but also offers financial benefits through various tax credits.
  • The federal government provides a 30% solar tax credit for solar panel installation and up to $1,000 for residential EV charging infrastructure.
  • Eligibility and Claiming Process:
  • To qualify for these incentives, vehicles must meet specific criteria related to battery capacity, weight, manufacturing location, and critical mineral and battery component requirements post-April 18, 2023.
  • Taxpayers can claim the credit on their federal returns or transfer it to the dealer to reduce the purchase price, with eligibility details available through the IRS Energy Credits Online website starting January 1, 2024.

These incentives not only make electric vehicles more accessible but also encourage the adoption of cleaner, renewable energy sources for transportation.

State-Specific Incentives in New England

In New England, state-specific incentives significantly augment the federal EV tax credit 2023, making electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) more accessible:

  • Connecticut: Offers up to $5,000 rebate for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).
  • Maine: Provides up to $7,500 rebate for new EVs for residents below certain income requirements, with a $2,000 ‘any-income’ rebate also available.
  • Massachusetts: Residents can avail of a $3,500 rebate for new or used EVs, with additional incentives through the MOR-EV program, including rebates for used EVs and trade-in incentives.
  • Rhode Island & Vermont: Offer up to $2,500 and $4,000 rebates for new EVs, respectively, with Rhode Island also offering a DRIVE + Program for income-qualifying residents.
  • Utility-Specific Rebates: Various utilities across New England, including Eversource and National Grid, provide rebates for EV purchases, leasing, and charging infrastructure installation.

These incentives, alongside the federal EV tax credit, underscore New England’s commitment to accelerating the adoption of eco-friendly transportation solutions.

Comparing State Incentives with Federal Incentives

When comparing state incentives with federal incentives for electric vehicle (EV) purchases, it’s clear that the combination of both can significantly reduce the cost and encourage the adoption of EVs. Here’s a closer look:

  • Federal EV Tax Credit 2023: Offers up to $7,500 off the purchase of new electric vehicles, with specific criteria for eligibility.

State-Specific Incentives:

  • Connecticut: Up to $5,000 rebate.
  • Maine: Up to $7,500 rebate for residents under certain income levels.
  • Massachusetts: $3,500 rebate for new or used EVs.
  • Rhode Island & Vermont: Up to $2,500 and $4,000 rebates, respectively [3].
  • Utility-Specific Rebates: Rebates for EV purchases, leasing, and charging infrastructure from utilities like Eversource and National Grid.

Comparing these, state incentives in New England complement the federal EV tax credit 2023, offering additional benefits that vary by state, such as rebates for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), and incentives for installing home chargers. This layered approach underscores the region’s commitment to accelerating eco-friendly transportation solutions, making electric vehicles more accessible and affordable for a broader range of consumers.


Through the comprehensive overview provided, it’s clear that the federal EV tax credit 2023, alongside the array of state incentives across New England, combine to offer a robust support system for individuals considering the shift to electric vehicles. These incentives not only alleviate the financial burden associated with purchasing an EV but also underscore the broader commitment to ecological sustainability and the promotion of cleaner, renewable sources of transportation. This collective effort illustrates a pivotal moment in our journey towards an environmentally sustainable future and the pivotal role that policy incentives play in shaping consumer behavior and technological adoption within the transport sector.

As we conclude this introduction to electric vehicle incentives in New England, remember that this is merely the first step in a series dedicated to exploring the multifaceted relationship between New England and electric vehicles. Up next, we will delve into “New England and Electric Vehicles: Operating and Charging,” offering further insights into the practicalities of owning an EV in the region. For individuals looking to understand the broader implications of EV ownership on insurance, reach out to Safety Northeast Insurance Agency to discuss your automobile insurance options #. This journey towards a greener future is filled with opportunities for learning, adaptation, and advocacy, highlighting the critical intersections between technology, policy, and lifestyle choices in the pursuit of a more sustainable world.


Q: What is the process for obtaining the Massachusetts EV tax credit?A: Massachusetts residents can benefit from the MOR-EV program when purchasing or leasing a qualifying electric vehicle from Mastria Auto Group. Depending on the vehicle’s eligibility, you can receive a tax rebate ranging from $3,500 to $6,000.

Q: How can I determine if I am eligible for the 2023 EV tax credit?A: To qualify for the 2023 EV tax credit, you must have purchased the vehicle in 2023, and it must be from the 2021 model year or earlier. The vehicle should not be a used one purchased before 2023. It must be bought from a qualified dealer who reports the sale to the IRS, and the vehicle must meet all other criteria for the EV credit.

Q: What are the income restrictions for the 2023 EV tax credit?A: For the new 2023 EV tax credit, your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) must not exceed $300,000 for married couples filing jointly, $225,000 for heads of households, or $150,000 for all other tax filers.

Q: How is the $7,500 EV tax credit applied?A: If you qualify for the $7,500 tax credit, the dealer will apply this amount as if you had provided it as a down payment. The dealer then submits the necessary documentation to the IRS, which reimburses the dealer the $7,500. This process means the tax credit is managed through the dealership.

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